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Vitamin B1 (thiamine)

Applications:
Alcoholism, anemia, depression, diarrhea, mental illness, stress, beriberi, shingles, infections.

Scientific Data:
Thiamine deficiencies have been linked to mental illness. Geriatric patients who have surgery may experience a thiamine loss which may explain their postoperative confusion and mental deterioration. Antibiotics, oral contraceptives and sulfa drugs may also decrease thiamine levels. Eating a diet high in carbohydrates increases the need for thiamine.

Depleting Agents:
Stress, caffeine, surgery, excess carbohydrate consumption (sugar), tobacco, raw fish and shellfish, antibiotics, oral contraceptives, sulfa drugs, muscle relaxants.

Sources:
Sunflower seeds, soybeans, brown rice, whole wheat, peanuts.

Interactions:
Adequate supplies of magnesium must be present in order for thiamine to convert to forms the body can use. In addition, a full array of the other B-vitamins must also be supplied in order for all of them to be utilized correctly.

Recommendations:
Thiamine hydrochloride is the most common source of this vitamin in nutritional supplements.

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Vitamin, B1,